Dianic Wicca

Dianic Wicca




Have you ever wondered what a much more feminist version of Witchcraft might look like? The answer is Dianic Wicca. A denomination of the neo-pagan religion of Wicca, Dianic Wicca embraces the flourishing goddess-like nature of every woman and promotes working in harmony with the pagan Wheel of the Year. Its traditions are vibrant, empowering, and some are even considered rather controversial.


The Formation of Dianic Wicca

Just like many other Wiccan traditions, the Dianic one has a few lineages, which are mostly similar, however, they demonstrate some differences. I'll circle back to that later. For now, let’s focus on the most popular and definitive lineage, which was founded in 1971 by Zsuzsanna Budapest during California's Winter Solstice.




It's no coincidence that the time of its formation falls just a little after the notorious “Summer of Love” when the sexual revolution and civil rights movements were both hyper-charged. The founding pillars of Dianic Wicca are deeply inspired by the liberated thinking associated with the then surging hippie ethic, especially the revolutionized perception of women.

Zsuzsanna Budapest, also referred to as Z, interwove radical feminist beliefs into the newly-established Wiccan tradition, most of which are available in her book, 1979's “The Holy Book of Women's Mysteries.” Within, Budapest challenged the patriarchal structure and aimed to provide women with a safe, female-only space for healing from the tormenting effects of the dominant culture.


Goddess Diana

Dianic Wiccans worship a single goddess, whom they see as containing all other goddesses from all cultures. She is the ultimate source of all living things, life springs from and comes back to her in a perfect synchronicity with natural cycles.




This goddess and the path's namesake is the Roman goddess Diana, who is also equated with the Greek goddess Artemis. Born on the island of Delos, and a child of the Roman god Jupiter and his mistress Latona, Diana is the goddess of hunting, the moon, fertility, children, childbirth, the forest, and wild animals. Diana protects mothers and children, while embodying purity. To this day pagans honor Diana on August 13 as the original mother-goddess, who epitomizes egalitarian matriarchy and is still heavily referenced in art and culture (and with good reason).



What Is Dianic Wicca? The Main Characteristics

Zsuzsanna Budapest implemented her rich understanding of a gamut of whimsical traditions and practices in the formation of her coven. As such, Dianic Wicca is an eclectic fusion of British Traditional Witchcraft, Italian folk-magic as recorded by Charles Leland in “Aradia”, folk magic that she learnt from her mother, as well as other healing practices from various cultures. What had the most impact on defining Dianic Wicca, however, was Budapest’s embrace of the values offered during the Hungarian uprising of 1956 and the feminist movement in the United States.

Perhaps the most distinguishing characteristic of this form of Witchcraft is that only women are accepted into Dianic Wicca covens. As you can imagine, this policy has triggered a strong backlash as well as recent accusations of transphobia.


Why Aren't Men Allowed in Dianic Wicca?





The reason Dianic Wiccans don’t welcome men into their circles is clearly stated in the Manifesto of the tradition, “The Feminist Book of Lights and Shadows”:

We believe that we are part of a changing universal consciousness that has long been feared and prophesized by the patriarchs. We are opposed to teaching our magic and our craft to men. Our immediate goal is to congregate with each other according to our ancient women-made laws and remember our past, renew our powers and affirm our Goddess of the Ten-Thousand Names.

While Dianic Wiccans have faced some criticism when it comes to fluid gender identity, they do readily embrace other members of the queer community, so long as they are women. In fact, exploring female sexuality outside the influence of any male energy is often rather encouraged.

Regardless of any discriminatory accusations cast upon Dianic Wiccans, it is important to understand that they don't seem to view their tradition as built upon separation or division, but rather unison with the feminine divine, the female body, the reproductive cycles, and the role of the woman as a birth-giver.


Dianic Wicca Vs. Other Forms of Wicca

The day-to-day life of Dianic Wiccans is very similar to that of other Wiccans. They form covens or small circles, attend festivals, and adopt similar altars and rituals. Most importantly, they also honor the pagan Wheel of the Year, which consists of eight festivals (Sabbats): four solar festivals ((Winter Solstice, Spring Equinox, Summer Solstice, Fall Equinox) and four seasonal festivals (marking prominent seasonal changes).

Dianic Wiccans also celebrate the Wiccan Triple Goddess: Maiden, Mother and Crone, which is a spiritual analogue of the female life-cycle. These aspects are also represented by the three phases of the Moon as it goes around the Earth: the waxing crescent, the Full Moon, and the waning crescent. These phases symbolically align with the three phases of a woman’s reproductive life—before, during, and after the body’s ability to give birth.



Dianic Wicca Rituals

Although Dianic Wiccan rituals have their foundations in traditional Wicca, they also feature highly feminine nuances that reinforce the symbolic figure of the Goddess Diana. There are certainly a set of rituals that are popular among many of the Dianic covens, but the beauty of this tradition is in its ability to adapt its practices, in order to suit the needs of the circle.

The rituals are generally crafted based on the pagan Wheel of the Year. They celebrate the harmonious relationship between the Goddess’ mythic cycle of birth, death, and reincarnation.

Interestingly, unlike traditional Wicca, hexes and curses are not forbidden in Dianic Wicca. In fact, they are sometimes encouraged as a method by which to engage in the balancing of Karma and as a safety precaution against abusers.

Another significant aspect of the Dianic Witch’s practice is rooted in mourning society's many abuses toward women. As such, healing rituals for alleviating the effects of living in a patriarchal system and rejuvenating the feminine divine within each practitioner are commonplace. Many women who have overcome personal traumas such as abuse, rape, or incest have reported deep, therapeutic value drawn from such Dianic practices.

There's actually a good scientific basis for feminine rituals as transformational agents in the lives of women as well. One ethnographic study in 1989, for example, explored how female-centered healing rituals can reduce negative emotions as well as increase one’s sense of power. The observed ritual, in this case, involved women shifting their understanding of power from an abuser’s hands into their own.





Dianic Wicca Lineages

Now that we know what the Budapest lineage consists of in detail, let’s briefly explore the other Dianic Wicca lineages.

McFerland Dianic Wicca is a neo-pagan, Wiccan tradition, founded by Morgan McFerland and Mark Roberts in 1971. The McFerland tradition mostly references Margaret Murray's “The Witch Cult in Western Europe”. It also emphasizes feminist beliefs and allows only women to be priestesses. However, it is different from Budapest Dianic in that on specific occasions, males can be allowed into covens. Some argue that the McFerland tradition is the pioneering Dianic Wicca and that the other lineages have adopted their name(s) from it.

The Living Temple of Diana is a shamanic witchcraft tradition of Dianic Witchcraft, which is gaining more and more interest. It was started by Devin Hunter and embodies the motto "We were created whole". This speaks toward its primary vision that the web of life, including all living things created by the Goddess and extending to the cosmic realms, is to be honored. The Living Temple of Diana is inclusive to male, female, and transgendered members.

Non-Wiccan Dianic Witches, also referred to as Solitary Dianic Witches, are those who uphold the Dianic beliefs and are most often inspired by Z. Budapest and/or a host of other female-centric spiritual movements. These witches perform their own rituals, but are not considered a part of a particular tradition.



Dianic Wicca Books

If you are interested in learning more, there are a lot texts out there to help further initiate you into the practices and beliefs of Dianic Wicca.

The best way to start your Dianic Wicca journey is with “The Holy Book of Women's Mysteries” by Zsuzsanna Budapest. This is the ultimate guide to the tradition written by the founder herself. Z is also the author of the aforementioned Dianic Wicca manifesto “The Feminist Book of Lights and Shadows.”

From a more modern perspective “The Witches' Goddess: The Feminine Principle of Divinity” by Janet and Stewart Farrar combines history, lore and extensive information on the goddess in all forms. In the same fashion, “Women's Rituals: A Sourcebook” by Barbara G Walker provides a practical guide on how to use healing rituals and other divinatory and ritualistic tools.


Article Written by Eleanora Hristova


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What Is Wicca? An Introduction to the World's Most Popular Form of Witchcraft

What Is Wicca? An Introduction to the World's Most Popular Form of Witchcraft




The answer to a question like, “What is Wicca,” is simple; Wicca is a pagan, earth-based belief system that involves the reverence of all of nature and living in reciprocity with all living things. Some people identify Wicca as a relatively modern spiritual path, first emerging in the 1950s with the writings of Gerald Gardner, the Founder of the modern Wiccan movement. Other people feel Wicca traces back to far more ancient pagan practices, which were, for the most part, handed down from one generation to the next.

What Is Wicca - Types of Wicca

In addition to the general overview of the various types of Wicca presented in this article, ToSalem is constantly updating its catalog of Wiccan articles, each exploring a different sect or outcropping of this spiritual path. Click any of the articles below to dig further into more specific Wiccan beliefs or continue reading for an introduction to Wicca as a whole.

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What is the Wicca Religion?

Wicca and witchcraft often go together, but they are not the same things. Wicca is a spiritual path one can practice without involving the use of magickal operations. One can pay reverence to the gods and goddess via ritual, but spellcasting, divination, and other magickal practices aren't necessary. The spiritual path involves attuning to the Earth's rhythm and cycles, celebrating the eight seasonal sabbats, working with the influential energies originating from the celestial bodies, all while involving oneself in a life-long process of learning. The path is something a person can pursue individually as a solitary practitioner or within a coven framework.

So then, what is a Wiccan Witch? A person who follows the Wiccan path of spirituality and studies and performs magick is a Wiccan Witch. The witch adheres to fundamental principles when practicing magick. Such principles originate from the Wiccan’s belief system, with the main principle ensuring the practitioner refrains from using magick to harm.



What is a Pagan?

So, what is the difference between a pagan and a Wiccan? Someone who practices the Wiccan religion is a pagan. But not every single pagan is Wiccan. For that matter, not every single pagan is a witch either. For example, some pagans are Druids, while others might be Shamans. The traditions may have some overlapping interests with Wicca, but druidism and shamanism are quite distinct from Wicca.

In pre-Christian times when there was an effort to convert people from pagan religions to Christianity, those who resided in large towns were easier to access and convert. Meanwhile, people living in the country carried on with the old ways, worshipping pagan deities and practicing the Old-World traditions. At the time, the word "paganus" literally meant "one who dwells in the country." As such, identifying someone as a pagan was to consider them not converted – a pagan still worshipped multiple gods instead of a single, all-powerful deity like the Judeo-Christian God. Today, that meaning carries a similar connotation-essentially, anyone following a religious doctrine or spiritual path that doesn't involve the worship of the Judeo-Christian God is pagan. Wicca, which involves god and goddess worship (often with a greater focus on the Divine Feminine), falls under paganism's umbrella definition.

To complicate things a bit more, some people identify with the "pagan religion." In other words, paganism is a religious practice in and of itself, where the practitioner honors multiple deities, all of which are aspects of a single deity. Practitioners of the pagan religion and followers of the Wiccan religion share polytheistic views. Still, the various pagan paths may differ significantly in terms of their views on magic, fundamental principles, and tenets.





What is the Wiccan Rede?

“The Wiccan Rede” is a 26-line poem written by Lady Gwynne Thompson, who further attributes writings to Adriana Porter, her grandmother. The rhyming poem consists of a variety of principles for which a Wiccan witch, or any witch for that matter, can adhere to, with the most famous lines being the last two lines of poetic verse: "Eight Words the Wiccan Rede fulfill: If it harm none, do what thou will." In essence, the principle suggests witches can do whatever they want to if the action involves no harm to the self or others. The same line appears in the "Witches' Creed" by Doreen Valiente.



Wicca and the World of Magick

The term "Wiccan church" sounds a lot like a misnomer, seeming to merge the idea of church attendance with pagan ritual practices and the worship of gods. In the earliest days of the craft, as it was for pagans of old, "the church" was either outdoors in nature or somewhere safe and hidden to ensure the practitioners' safety from accusations of heresy. Today, with any laws banning the practice of the craft already lifted, Wiccan Witches conduct rites and work magick both indoors and outdoors at the appropriate times of their choosing.

In truth, the term "Wiccan church" takes on several meanings, always differing slightly depending on the context of its use and the circle one's participating in at the time. Some practitioners might reference the temple where they regularly gather and worship as a "church." In contrast, others might view the entire world, particularly areas in the wilderness or abundant with nature, as their one and only "church" suitable for worship and magickal operations. Meanwhile, there are witch schools that sometimes have areas where students can gather for ritual and worship that serves as a Wiccan church. A solitary practitioner of the craft might also call their indoor or outdoor ritual space their personal Wiccan church.



The Coven Hierarchy and Modern Day Witchcraft

When there is a group of three or more Wiccans, then the group is a coven. Note that some practitioners will undoubtedly argue that merely having two or more witches working together regularly is equivalent to a coven. Usually, the cap on a single coven is thirteen people, but, as there are always exceptions to the rule, the coven may have well over thirteen members. When a coven reaches thirteen members, then there is an option for the coven to hive off and form Groves which are an extension of the Mother Coven. Usually a priest or priestess in the existing Mother Coven will take over the new coven when it forms.

A high priestess might serve as the head of a coven, and often there is a high priest. In some covens, particularly those in which the members are Dianic with a strong focus on worshipping and honoring the Divine Feminine, there may be no high priest. Likewise, other covens may choose to have a high priest and no high priestess.

Some covens further divide up their members into those in the outer court and those in the inner court. Dedicates and neophyte coven members are often in the outer court until they achieve a certain status or complete a set period of study in the magical arts. Initiates, priests, and priestesses are often members of the inner court, all of which are allowed entry into the inner court upon completing initiation or after achieving priest/priestess-hood.


Covens and the Esbats and Sabbats

Both solitaries and coven members will often celebrate Esbats, which involves celebration on the Full Moon and honoring the Divine Feminine. Esbats can also involve divinatory practices or spell workings. There are eight sabbats Wiccan practitioners celebrate, including Samhain (The Witches' New Year), Yule (Winter Solstice), Imbolc, Vernal Equinox, Beltane, Litha (Summer Solstice), Lammas, and Mabon (Autumn Equinox). The dates of such celebrations vary depending upon where the practitioner resides (in the northern or southern hemispheres, respectively). Sabbats are special days to honor the changing of the seasons, the rhythmic cycles of the Earth, the movement of the Sun, and the passage of time. Sabbats often involve ritual magic, rites of passage, and spellwork or divination relating to the season to come.





The Wiccan Bible: Literature, Creeds, Principles, & Foundational Texts

Whether we're referencing a solitary practitioner or a coven member, there is no single text Wiccan Witches reference for religious or magickal instruction. There are no universal rules practitioners are expected to adhere to; this allows every practitioner or coven to maintain complete autonomy. There's no governing religious body ruling over Wiccans, leaving every practitioner responsible for their own spiritual path and actions.

Some Wiccans use a collection of creeds, bodies of literature, and foundational texts as a source for guidance. Note, once again, that there is no rigid set of commandments or religious laws all Wiccans are expected to adhere to; rather, the collection of writings and creeds serves as fundamental principles to which Wiccans aspire to fulfill. Also note not every Wiccan will turn to the same bodies of work for guidance, nor is there any spoken or unspoken "rule" suggesting every Wiccan must adhere to the same principles. As such, the short list of Wicca books below is merely a sampling of the most common bodies of work people reference when they want to pursue the Wiccan path of spirituality. The list is in no way all-inclusive.



"Aradia" ("The Gospel of the Witches") is a text translated by Charles Godfrey Leland, referencing Italian or Strega Witchcraft in the 17th century. The book contains Wiccan folklore, information on witchcraft traditions, and references to the goddess Diana: The Queen of Witchery, in addition to the historical exploitation of practicing witches.


Drawing Down the Moon

"Drawing Down the Moon," by Margot Adler, is a fundamental text for Wiccans and witches, one examining the history of neo-paganism in America and the roots of witchcraft. The text also reveals the practices, beliefs, and traditions of witches.


A Witches' Bible: The Complete Witches' Handbook

"A Witches' Bible: The Complete Witches' Handbook" by Janet and Stewart Farrar defines Witchcraft principles and practices, not just for Wiccans, but for all Witches. The book details magickal operations, spells, rites of consecration, sabbat celebrations, tools of the craft, traditions for sabbat, the history of the craft, and coven operations.


The Gardnerian Book of Shadows

"The Gardnerian Book of Shadows," is one of the main literary works for practitioners of Gardnerian Wicca. The body of work is attributed to Gerald Gardner: The forefather of Wicca. The book contains information on everything from magick circle casting to sabbat-related traditions, as well as the main principles of witchcraft. The Grimoire contains a mix of influences, including biblical, tantric, Celtic, and English, among others.


Witchcraft Today

"Witchcraft Today," also by Gerald Gardner and featuring an introduction by Margaret Murray, was published in the early 1950s. In it, Gardner writes about Wiccan ideology, rituals, and the main tenets of the practice which, according to the author, originate in ancient British Witchcraft traditions. He also wrote "The Meaning of Witchcraft," nearly five years after "Witchcraft Today," soon after the English laws making witchcraft a crime were repealed. The text was the first of its kind, portraying the craft's practice in a positive light.


Buckland's Complete Book of Witchcraft

Just as Gardner had a major influence on the unfolding of Wiccan practices today, Raymond Buckland (craftname: Robat) is another pagan and writer who proves influential on modern-day witchcraft. In fact, Buckland was, at one time, the high priest in a Gardnerian coven. He was the first to bring Gardnerian practices to the states, only later to develop a tradition of his own: Seax-Wica. His book, Buckland's Complete Book of Witchcraft serves as a foundational text for practitioners of Seax-Wica and includes information on principles, spells, herbals, Esbats, sabbats, holistic healing, and more.



Wicca Related Beliefs

The Thirteen Principles of Belief: Some Wiccans adhere to the Thirteen Principles of Belief, (sometimes called "The Thirteen Principles of Wiccan Belief"), which was originally established in the early 1970s by a group of practitioners from various traditions identifying as the American Council of Witches. Though the group disbanded shortly after its formation, the principles remain. Many solitary and coven practitioners adhered to them or even used the tenets as a foundation for coven bylaws.

Sometimes covens also develop their own set of principles. For instance, according to the Blue Star Foundation, members of the Blue Star Covens adhere to the "Tenets of Faith" that point to seven principles coven members and practitioners use to guide their lives. Each of the seven tenets aligns with one of the seven points in a heptagram and include Learning, Humility, Harmony, Reincarnation, Tolerance, Trust, and Balance.

To understand the Divine Feminine, Wiccans often view the Goddess in various, personified aspects, allowing for easier comprehension of the Divine's complexities. Doreen Valiente wrote one version of "The Charge of the Goddess," that reveals the Feminine Divine's nature, as well as what a practitioner gains from connecting with the Goddess on a spiritual level. Within The Charge, witches are instructed to gather once at every full moon. They give reverence to the Divine, seek the understanding of the hidden mysteries, and remember their dedication to the craft. The same author wrote "The Witches' Creed," a poem about the practices of the craft, sabbats, magick, and a famous eight-word passage which most Wiccans consider a fundamental spiritual practice: "If it harms none, do what you will."


Introduction to Faery & Celtic Witchcraft

Introduction to Faery & Celtic Witchcraft




When you think of the word “fairy,” it’s no surprise images of tiny, dainty creatures with colorful gossamer wings come immediately to mind. We’re all familiar with the creatures of legend and lore, with some that are kind or benevolent, helping humankind, and other stories that tell of devious fairies who lure people into the fairy realm only to be lost to the world forever. But these are fictitious stories, the tales that captivated us as children, and the types of faeries associated with Celtic Witchcraft and Faery Wicca are far more than mere imaginings.



What is Faery Wicca & Witchcraft?

Faery Wicca is a polytheistic religion and way of life that is just one tradition that fits under the broader term “Celtic Witchcraft.” Other traditions that fall under the main category of Celtic Witchcraft include The Druidic Tradition, the Order of the Bards, Druidic Reconstructionism, Pecti-Wicca, and Caledoni, among others. The difference between the Druids and Druid Reconstructionism is in their focus, with the lattermost group focusing on modern magickal practices. At the same time, the Reconstructionisms seek to revive the ways of old Druidism in the most unadulterated way possible. Pecti-Wicca, with a focus on the practices of the Ancient Picts, is a solitary Wiccan path, while Caledoni has a greater focus on Scottish traditions.

Fae Wicca involves the worship of one or more patron deities from the Ancient Celtic pantheon; these deities are supernatural beings or Fae. Celtic or Faery witches integrate magickal practices with the celebration of Ancient Pagan holidays honoring the seasonal, solar, and lunar cycles, the rhythms of the earth, nature, and the Divine understood through various God/Goddess/Fae aspects. Someone practicing Faery Witchcraft might choose a solitary path or work with the full support of a coven.

Faery Wicca is not just a religion but a practice that shapes and enriches one’s day-to-day existence. The practice is a syncretic form of Witchcraft, weaving together Wiccan beliefs while focusing on working with magickal beings, elementals, and nature spirits. Practices often involve working in nature when possible, with rituals held in the woodlands, forest groves, or near lakes or large bodies of water ( but when this is not possible, the practitioner can bring elements of the natural world into ritual practices and spellwork). Earth-centered worship is central, as is respect for all creatures, big and small. With Wicca being a part of one’s practice and a way of life one aspires to, the practitioner typically adheres to the “Harm None” principle when working with magick performing rituals, or even in day-to-day encounters.

Within a coven framework, there are elder priestesses or priests (Ollamh), and initiates, but one can also achieve such levels of knowledge when pursuing the Fae Wicca Path alone. Please note: If adhering to the Thirteen Principles of Belief, as many Wiccans do, the practitioner acknowledges and understands that the spiritual journey is not about obtaining titles as much as it is about drawing closer to the Divine and growing mentally, emotionally, and spiritually.




‘Faery’ vs. ‘Fairy’: The Not So Subtle Differences

When reading about Faery Wicca and Celtic Witchcraft, the words “faery,” “fairies,” “fae,” and “fay” are in use interchangeably. But there are some important differences in meaning. Just as it is with “magic” versus “magick,” the latter term which Alister Crowley coined to denote the differences between sleight of hand magic and the arcane magickal arts, “faery” represents real spirit beings or deities.

When referencing Spiritual Beings or Celtic and Fae Wicca deities, the appropriate term is “Faery.” “Fairy,” references creatures found among the imaginative pages of fairy tales; yes, there is some crossover here, as the characters in fairy tales can be elves, fairies, goblins, and other beings of lore. The Tuath Dé Danann is one example, where there is much written about them in fairy tales and handed down through oral storytelling traditions. Still, practitioners see the Tuath Dé as otherworldly, immortal beings who interact with the world and humankind.

As children, many of us learn that supernatural beings aren’t real. Our parents teach us to think rationally and to consider the characters in literature as nothing more than a product of the imagination. When speaking of fairy tales, the word “fairy” refers to the otherworldly realm beings as unreal or fictitious. The use “Faery” does the opposite; it allows us to honor supernatural beings by acknowledging their existence and recognizing their influence on humans and the world as very real.



How to Enter the Faerie Realm: Roads to the Otherworld

Openings in the earth or bodies of water may serve as entries into the faery realm; deep, dark, caverns hidden in the belly of the Earth Mother, or darkened lakes and whirlpools amid oceanic waters are all said to be entryways into the faerie realm. Crossroads are also a doorway but, so too are the magickal faery circles made of mushrooms, stones, or a patch of earth in the middle of the woods. Those who are clairvoyant, clairsentient, and clairaudient; people who heighten their awareness and believe in supernatural beings have a far easier time accessing the practically inaccessible world of magickal beings.

According to lore and many magickal practices, it is easiest to access the otherworld, whether it’s called the Land of the Fae, the Astral Realm, the Inner Realm, Tir na Nog, or the Shadowlands, during “between times.” Such periods are where time is transitioning from one state to another, such as dawn, dusk, and midnight, which are among the most traditional. Equinoxes, solstices, the New Moon phase, and even Samhain where the old Pagan year transitions into the new, are also ideal times to access the world of Fae and the Spirits.



Celtic & Faery Witch Deities

Much about faeries stems from oral tradition and writings heavily influenced and changed by Christian writers, and the ancient Romans, so some of the stories about the magickal beings is muddled and ambiguous. Through the centuries, storytellers and historians often compare, and association faeries with other magickal creatures like shapeshifters, werewolves, vampires, spirits of the dead, and angels. Some writers go as far as to demonize them. In other writings, the Fae are characterized as heroes, queens, and kings with mysterious powers.

The Tuath Dé or Tuath Dé Danann, meaning “tribe of the Gods” or “the folk of the Goddess Danu,” originates from Irish Mythology where they are the pre-Christian, primary deities of Gaelic Ireland. In Latin, the magickal race is known as the “Plebes Deorum” or “folk of the Gods.” Of this tribe, you’ll find the following Celtic Witchcraft and Faery Witch Deities (among others):

The Dadga: (alias "An Dagda") is a depicted as a Druid, King, and Father Archetype who corresponds with Strength, Valor, Virility, Fertility, and Agriculture. He holds sway over the living, the seasons, weather, and time. His appearance may remind one of The Hermit in the tarot or Father Time himself, as he wears a long cloak with a hood and has a long beard. He carries with him a mace, club, or staff, which can bring or take life as he wills it. Dadga is analogous to the Roman Underworld God, Dīs Pater, and Odin, the Norse God of Magic, Divination, Death, Poetry, and Wisdom.

The Morrigan: (aliases include Morrígu, Mórrígan, Mór-Ríoghain, and Morrígan). The Morrigan is the wife of The Dadga, with a name that means “Phantom Queen” or “Great Queen” and is one of the most well-known of the Celtic deities. She is a Goddess of Fate and Battle, one who foretells one’s destiny, and predicts who will be the victor in war. Sometimes The Morrigan is viewed as a triune, three sisters, called the Morrígna.

Lugh: (alias “Lú,”Lug,“Samildánach,” “meaning skilled in multiple arts,” and “Lámfada,” meaning “of the long arm”) is a savior deity and part of the race of the Tuatha Dé Danann; he is a king, craftsman, and warrior, and is the God of Truth, Oaths, and Kings. The first harvest festival of the year is Lughnasadh, which is named after Lugh. He is analogous to the Welsh hero Lleu Llaw Gyffes, Mercury: the Roman God of Communication, and the pan-Celtic deity Lugus.

Nuadha: (aliases include Nuadu, Nuada, Elcmar, Necht, Nechtan, Airgetlám, or Airgeadlámh, meaning “Silver Hand” or “Silver Arm”) is consort of Boann and the Tuatha Dé Danann’s first king; he earned his epithet after losing his arm in a battle which is replaced by a silver arm and healed via magick. Nuadha is analogous to Nodens, the Gaulish and British God of Fishing and Hunting.

Aengus: (aliases include Óengus or Mac ind Óic) is the son of Boann The Dagda, is the Irish God of Inspiration, Love, and Youth. He is analogous to the Welsh deity, Mabon, whose name means “Great Son.”

Note: The Celtic pantheon is quite diverse, and the Gods and Goddesses mentioned here are but a mere sampling of the various aspects of the Divine.




How to Practice Fae Wicca: Where to Start

Gaining familiarity with the oral traditions, lore, and mythology of the ancients is the best way to begin your exploration of Faery Wicca deities and preternatural beings. Picking up a Faerie’s book or two on the subject is like your mental doorway into the world of magickal beings; your familiarity with such spirits will make it easier for you to connect with them during visualizations, meditations, and achieved altered states of awareness. Later, you can use your knowledge to connect with otherworldly spirits via ritual and spellwork.


Morgan Daimler is a priestess of the Daoine Maithe, and a prolific author who writes about the Fae, magickal practices, and Irish myth; many of her books are perfect for the practitioner looking to gain an understanding of the faery witchcraft realm and the beings that reside there. Daimler is among the foremost experts on the subject, with Faery book titles including The Morrigan: Meeting the Great Queens,” “Fairycraft: Following the Path of Fairy Witchcraft,” Fairies: A Guide to Celtic Fair Folk,” and “A New Dictionary of Fairies: A 21st Century Exploration of Celtic and Related Western European Fairies,” among others.